Further information about particular themes of the exhibition can be accessed here. Three exciting films provide an overview of excavation sites, findings as well as the work of archaeological teams and visualise historical buildings and places.
Since the early 1970s Saudi universities and the Saudi Commission for Tourism and Antiquities explore the archaeological heritage of Saudi Arabia in cooperation with international colleagues. Qaryat al-Faw has been the first excavation site. Unique evidence of a wealthy and complex civilisation (from 4th century BC to early 4th century AD) has been found here. Qaryat al-Faw was the first capital city of the Kindah Kingdom.
The excavation site of Madain Salih presents unique evidence of the Nabatean culture that developed over 700 years - from about 600 BC to 120 AD. An extraordinary system for water storage and supply formed the foundation for an effective agriculture which assured the wealth of the trade metropolis. Not only the well known monumental tombs, which have been carved from rock, but also numerous excavation pieces from everyday life, art and architecture bear witness of the fascinating culture of the Nabateans.
The oasis town Tayma is located in the north-west of the Arabian Peninsula at the intersection of old trade routes. The oldest wall remains in Saudi Arabia, which originate from the middle of the 2nd millennium BC have been found here. Trade was an important factor of authority and increasing wealth for the Midianites, who came to the area in 1500 BC and controlled Northern Arabia. An important event in the history of Tayma was the construction of a new residence for the Babylonian King Nabonid (555 - 539 BC) who was forced to escape Babylon during the last years of his governance.