Highlight of the Week: Archive

Thu 08.03. - Wed 14.03. "Plaque with a Minaic inscription"

 The plaque commemorates an offering to the two principal deities of Ma'in (Yemen). The authors are Minaeans. 

"Rugayd, son of Qasamail 
and Sufiyan, son of Murad 
dhu-Dabr dedicated and of- 
ferred to 'Athtar dhu-Quabd 
and Wadd Shahran 
off their wares 
at the market in the Oasis"
 

  • Plaque, ca. 3rd–2nd century BC, Bronze, B: 17.5 cm, H: 15.5 cm, locality: Qaryat al-Faw
    Plaque, ca. 3rd–2nd century BC, Bronze, B: 17.5 cm, H: 15.5 cm, locality: Qaryat al-Faw
  • detailed view, Plaque with a Minaic inscription
    detailed view, Plaque with a Minaic inscription
  • detailed view, Plaque with a Minaic inscription
    detailed view, Plaque with a Minaic inscription

Inscriptions discovered on the rock walls at the foot of the mountains near Qaryat al-Faw, on the market walls, in the temples and on paintings have helped to shed light on the world of the Qaryanites. Many have been found in the residental quarter and burial zone. Ceramic objects were also used as a writing surface. All the inscriptions were engraved in an Arab script identified as the South Arabian style that took a different form in Qaryat al-Faw from other regions in the south of the peninsula. The spoken language in this region was a blend of the languages of the North and South. 

The writings dealt with such subjects as religion, trade and the relations between the inhabitants. There are also the names of gods and tribes, and family names that indicate the links that existed between Qaryat al-Faw and certain kingdoms in the Arabian Peninsula. Inscriptions in two different scripts (South Arabian and Nabataen) have also been found, and, in the residential quarter, in Nabataen only.

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